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25 June 2017


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Otrar

Category: Dialogue among Cultures

12 December 2016
 319.jpg

Culture criterions: ii,iii, iv

Otrar is one of most ancient cities of Central Asia. In Arab sources the city is call Farab. The first settlements in the place of the city appeared in the VIII century. The city was developing rapidly since it situated on one of the main branches of the Great Silk Road. By the XII century it already became a large trade center of crafts and art with palaces, caravansaries and cities blocks. One of the greatest places of interest of the city was Arystan-baba Mausoleum built by Timur. 
The ruins of the city are located in the South of Kazakhstan near Talapty village. Near to it, there is a modern city of Turkestan, but in place of the city’s ruins only a desert and hot winds are dominating now. Here and there one can see ruins of medieval settlements, and the most impressive among them are the ruins of Otrar city.
Otrar existed for almost 2 thousand years. In the XIX century its inhabitants left the city due to the drought and it steadily thinned out and got destroyed. The city’s ruins were in oblivion for a long time, until the archeological dig started in 1969. Many buildings were irreparably lost, but the archeologists managed to dig some city blocks, mosques, palace and bath-house.
Otrar  are not in the world heritage  list.
Nowadays the works for saving and conservation of the cultural monuments are being carried out there. An important assistance in this work to Kazakhstan is rendered by the UNESCO.

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