25 September 2016
Culture criterions: i, iii, iv
Khoja Ahmed Yasawi Mausoleum in Turkestan (up to the XVI century Yasi city) in Southern Kazakhstan is unique among them.
Yasi city was on the crossroads of an old caravan route – Great Silk Route branch – trade road between Desht-and Kypshak steppe and farming oasis of Central Asia – Horezm, Tashkent, Bukhara and Samarkand. t's positioning provided for lively trade. China exported porcelain, Persia – Asian tiger skin, gold and silver ware, Byzantium – all kinds of women fabrics. Caravans leaving for Russia took astrakhan – the matchless treasure of nomad Turks, colored Turkestan glass (it were Turks who taught its manufacturing to Chinese people), thin silk, cotton seed. Daily Turkestan saw the sale of more than 500 camels. In XV - X centuries Turkestan was the residence of Kazakh Khans.
Kazanlyk (the copper- room) has the largest extant brick dome in Central Asia. Kazan for Turks was the symbol of unity and hospitality. That's why special significance was attached to its size and exterior. Its diameter-2,45 m., weight -2 tons, it is made of the alloys of 7 metals.
Since 2003 it has the status of UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Currently Turkestan is a place of mass pilgrimage for tourists all over the world, who come to see the matchless masterpiece of medieval architecture – Khoja Ahmed Yasawi Mausoleum.