This site uses cookies and similar technologies.

We use cookies to improve your browsing experience and help us improve our website.

I understand
|
ABOUT USWHAT WE DOLBT MODELACKNOWLEDGEMENTWHAT YOU CAN DOWHO PARTICIPATES COMMUNITY
You are here: Home > Moscow > Institution: State Historical Museum

Average rating

Visited 10151 times

State Historical Museum

Address: Krasnaya ploshad, 1, Moscow, Russia, 109012
Email:: shm@shm.ru
Website: http://shm.ru

History


The Museum was officially established in 1872 by a personal decree of Emperor Alexander II and it was opened for public in 1883, on the coronation date of Emperor Alexander III after whom the Museum was named since 1894 till 1917.
 
Museum’s first director de facto was A. Uvarov (count, Russian archaeologist, a cofounder of the Museum), and since 1885 – I. Zabelin (outstanding Russian historian, ethnographer and archaeologist).
 
Museum collections and exhibitions are presented in the edifice destined and built specially for museum. This is an extraordinary architecture monument fulfilled in so-called Russian style of the second half of the 19th century and it occupies its proper place in the architecture ensemble of Red Square. The art design of museum building was worked out by architect Vladimir Sherwood and engineer Anatoly Semyonov, and the design of Museum’s unique halls – by the most famous architects and artists.
 
The State Historical Museum is surely one of Russia’s treasures, with more than 4,5 mln items and about 14 mln sheets of documents. The Museum’s collection offers an assortment of paleontology, science, technology, archeology and history monuments; masterpieces of painting, drawing, sculpture, works of decorative, religion, literature, music, theater arts, and architecture.
 
The most different social classes of Russian society took part in the formation of Museum’s collection. Large donations came from the houses of the most rich aristocracy and merchant families: icons, ancient manuscripts, Russian paintings, weapons and ceramics.
The 1920s –1930s were years when the Museum received the collections from the State Museum Foundation and disembodied museums.
 
Besides the main building in Red Square the Museum includes following sites:
  1. Cathedral of the Intercession, better known as St. Basil’s Cathedral, monument of Russian architecture of the 16th century, national symbol of Russia
  2. House of Romanov boyars dated to the 16th  – 17th centuries, family nest of royal dynasty ruled Russia from 1613 till 1917
  3. Museum of Patriotic War 1812 opened in 2012 as a part of the State Historical Museum
 
  

State Historical Museum
The main building of the Museum. Museum collections and exhibitions are presented in the edifice destined and built specially for museum. This is an extraordinary architecture monument fulfilled in so-called Russian style of the second half of the 19th century and it occupies its proper place in the architecture ensemble of Red Square. The art design of museum building was worked out by architect Vladimir Sherwood and engineer Anatoly Semyonov, and the design of Museum’s unique halls – by the most famous architects and artists.
Museum of the Patriotic War of 1812
In 2009, on the eve of the 200th anniversary of the War, the Government of the Russian Federation made out an order on construction of a new museum. Today the Museum is located on the territory of Historical Museum in the two-storey pavilion with exhibition floor space of about one and a half thousand square meters. The entrance to the museum is housed in a former State Duma.
Cathedral of the Intercession
The Cathedral of the Intercession is better known as St. Basil’s Cathedral. The construction of the cathedral was ordered by Tsar Ivan IV the Terrible and started in 1555. Side-chapels of the multi-throne cathedral narrate about the main events of the Kazan campaign and about spiritual life in the middle of 16th century. The Cathedral became a symbolic implementation of the Moscow National Idea of the Third Rome; it represents an architectural image of biblical New Jerusalem.
House of Romanov boyars
House of Romanov boyars dated to the 16th – 17th centuries is a family nest of royal dynasty ruled Russia from 1613 till 1917.
Paradnye Seni (the Front Hall)
Panorama of a Room
Room of the Scythians of the Crimea
In the centre of the room there is a Taman sarcophagus (IV century B.C., from the Bosporan Kingdom)
Room of the Sovereign Court of the 16th and 17th centuries
In the centre there is a “Tsar’s place” from the Assumption Cathedral of the Moscow Kremlin (reconstruction of the late 19th century).
Archway from a room to another one
Throne armchair
Russia. 1810s. Oak, linden, velvet; carving, lathe work, gesso, gilding
Uniform of a staff officer of the Life Guard Preobrazhensky Regiment
Russia, 1800 - 1801. Belonged to Emperor Paul I.
Portrait of empress Alexandra Fyodorovna
F. Krüger. St. Petersburg, 1830s. Oil on canvas
Aprakos Evangeliar (the Mstislav Gospels)
Manuscript of the four Gospels on parchment in Old Church Slavonic, dated to the 12th-century.
Sticharion
Moscow. 17th century. Velvet, silver, pearls; gilding, chasing
Bracelet
Mid-19th century. Gold, emeralds; enamel.
A cup shaped as a horse-guardsman’s casque
Russia, St. Petersburg, the early 20th century. Firm "C. Faberge ". Master Eric Collin. Silver, gilding; enamel, carving
Vase
Russia, 1830. Imperial Glass Factory. Flint glass; cutting, gold and silver painting
Ethnographic map of Russia
Map of Russia and tribes inhabiting in Russia. St. Petersburg, 1866.

-
Today

The State Historical Museum is situated in the heart of Moscow, in Red Square. It is a symbol of Moscow like the Kremlin and the Saint Basil’s Cathedral.
 
Museum’s exposition, housed in 40 rooms, covers not only a thousand years of Russian history but also history of north-eastern Eurasia civilizations from the early Paleolithic Age to the present.

From the date of its foundation the Museum was not only a storage area for Museum’s collection but also the largest scientific and educational center. Every year about 1 mln people visit the Museum, and half of them are children and young people under 18.

In 2012 the Museum of Patriotic War 1812 was opened as a part of the State Historical Museum, and  it is a tribute to the memory of predecessors who succeeded in defending their Fatherland.

FOR MORE INFORMATION:

 

HAVE A LOOK AT THE PHOTO EXHIBITION WEB-PAGE IN THE LIFE BEYOND TOURISM COMMUNITY 
"STATE HISTORICAL MUSEUM IN MOSCOS: VIRTUAL TRIP TO THE HISTORY OF RUSSIA", Auditorium al Duomo, Florence, Italy

 
- READ THE ARTICLE "MUSEUM OF THE PATRIOTIC WAR OF 1812 - A PEARL OF STATE HISTORICAL MUSEUM IN MOSCOW" IN THE LIFE BEYOND TOURISM MAGAZINE


 

+
Utilities

 
Distance from the center: 0.55 km

+
Location

Comments
Moscow, Russian Federation

Moscow Moscow is the capital, the most populous city, and the most populous federal subject of Russi...

13institutions
0businesses
3events
3unesco sites

read more about Moscow
LAST REGISTERED CULTURAL INSTITUTIONS
Haguro, Mountain of the Present Legend has it that Prince...
NIISF RAASN formed in July 1956 as the Research Institute o...
The Association of Historic, Traditional and Typical Sho...
HISTORY OF PANGEA – Centre Research Ancient Techniques   ...
The museum evolved with the intention of creating a cultur...
Ceccano è un comune italiano di 23.504 abitanti della provin...
  Kurokawa Noh began with ritual performances at Kasuga Shri...
The EUI was born out of an atmosphere of cooperation, with n...
“The Tretyakov Gallery Magazine” – a leading art magazine in...
ICLAB - Intercultural Creativity Laboratory was inaugurated ...

LAST REGISTERED BUSINESSES
Scagliola is a fascinating and elaborate working for the con...
The origins of Moleria Locchi date back to the end of the X...
Attività nata nel 1980 da Franco Chiesi che dopo aver ap...
Our workshop, in the heart of the Oltrarno of Florence, hi...
IL BUSSETTO FIRENZE Giuseppe Fanara is the Italian craf...
La ditta Ricceri è nata nel 1950. Ricceri Giuliano il fondat...
Natalina Acciai, impiegata in una ditta artigiana di Fir...
Mescita e vendita di vini fondata da Gino e Silvano Zano...
The Antica Erboristeria San Simone  is certainly one of the ...
La storia della Pasticceria Gualtieri incomincia nel lo...
advanced search filters
Representative business
Representative of the culture of a territory
Supporting business
Supports the preservation and development of its own territory
Institution
Contribute to the knowledge of the territory at which heritage is dedicated their work
Event
Point of interest
Inserito dall'utente
Unesco site
United Nations Organization for Education, Science and Culture
 
 
 

Inappropriate content?

Account not confirmed.
To confirm your account click on the link inside the email we've sent you.
If you didn't receive it, click here to send it again or to change your email address.


Name*
Surname*
Address
City*
Nation
Date of birth*
*required field

Search Search by date added
Used tags:
Click on one or more photos to select them:
Please enter the email you used to register yourself. We'll send you a link to change your password.
Email:
Please enter your new password.
Password:
Confirm password:
To activate the account please confirm your registration please check your email and click on the link we have sent you.
If the confirmation email didn't arrive, probably we are using an incorrect email adress. Please login with the username and password you have used to register and check in your profile the email adress associated with your account.
In case your email account was incorrect please modify and use the button " resend confirmation" email from which you will be able to activate your account.

Username/email
Password


If you're not sure the email you entered was correct, please click on the following button - after changing the email click on 'resend new confirmation email':


To resend the confirmation email please click on the following button:

Username/email Aren't you registered? Begin here your journey with LIFE BEYOND TOURISM! Discover new points of interest and travel through the itineraries added by the users and participate to the events.
Password